From 08-02-2013 to 10.06.2017. Hon’ble Former Justice Sahib Khan was born on 12-6-1955 at the well-known village Gudai of District Astore Gilgit-Baltistan, possesses a well-known family background. He got his primary and secondary education from primary School Gudai, High School Astore/High School No.1 Gilgit. He passed his matriculation examination in the year 1971 with distinction from the Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education Lahore. Due to non-availability of higher educational facility in the region he went to Karachi for acquiring Higher Education. He passed his B.A examination from prominent City College Karachi and degree of L.L.B. from Sindh Muslin Law College (S.M Law) University of Karachi and enrolled as an Advocate in N.W.F.P Bar Council in 1979-80. In the year 1980, he also enrolled as an Advocate in the Court of Judicial Commissioner, the then “Apex Court for the then Northern Areas”.
He was elected as Member of Northern Areas Council in 1987 and further was elected as member of Development Working Party (D.W.P), to represent his native District Diamer at Northern Areas level. He was elected as Member of Northern Areas Legislative Council in 1999 and elected as un-opposed Premier Speaker of the Northern Areas Legislative Council, enjoyed the position till the tenure. He was nominated as Member Finance Committee of Legislative Council, Member National Kashmir Committee, Member of first Syndicate of Karakorum International University, Member Selection Committee of Karakorum International University. He was further nominated as Member of the Pakistan Hajj Delegation to Saudi Arabia in 2003.
During his tenure as a public representative played vital role in the development of Gilgit-Baltistan like establishment of Karakorum International University, creation of District Astore, construction of inter-provincial roads, power projects, colleges, schools and health units besides many valley roads in Astore District.
He was appointed as Member of the Northern Areas Chief Court on 30-04-2005, re-designated as Judge Chief Court in 2007, appointed as Chief Judge, Gilgit-Baltistan Chief Court on 06-03-2013.After assuming the charge of Chief Judge Gilgit-Baltistan Chief Court, worked with devotion to overcome the shortfalls existing in the G.B Chief Court and District Judiciary to bring it at par with the High Courts and District Courts in Pakistan. His efforts and achievements as Chief Judge for disposal of old pendency in Chief Court and District Judiciary besides providing back support to the Judges in the terms of manpower and financial resources are not only a testimony of his wisdom and broad vision will prove to be instrumental in times to come.
The quorum of Judges in the Chief Court was filled to its maximum number during his tenure which resulted in early disposal of cases and lower rate of pendency. District and Sessions Judges/ Additional District and Sessions Judges/Civil Judges were appointed which was a much required need of the region. Prior to his appointment, certain districts were run by only a single Civil Judge/ Judicial Magistrate 1st Class resulting in increase of pendency of cases and also a sense of dis-satisfaction prevailed amongst the overburdened Judges and public at large.
Creation of new posts of District & Sessions Judges in newly created District Nagar, Kharmang and Shigar and Civil Court Roundu, Daghoni, Darel, Juglot and Danyore and Court buildings i.e., Court of District & Sessions Judge Diamer, Court cum residence of Civil Judge Shigar, Kharmang, Gupis/Yasin and Nagar are constructed during the tenure of Hon’ble Chief Judge in addition to revival of dead projects pertaining to Gilgit-Baltistan judiciary. Land was acquired at a high-class location for construction of new building of Chief Court and ground-breaking ceremony by the Chief Minister Gilgit-Baltistan has taken place. Efforts are also made for construction of building at a fast pace. He attended Seminars/conferences as Chief Judge at national level.
Mr. Justice Muhammad Alam s/o Mr. Nazeer Khan, born on 01-05-1955 in Muhallah Gumbas in the valley of Gas Paeen, Tehsil Chilas, District Diamer. Mr. Rash Khan (late) grandfather of Justice Saahib, very famous with his name Seth was the only wealthiest person of area. Justice Saahib obtained his Primary Education from Village Aid Primary School Gonar Farm. Then travelled to Chilas for obtaining education, in the then only Middle School throughout Tehsil Chilas, in Chilas Town. It is worth mentioning that he had to travel on foot for obtaining his primary education as well as middle education, as then the communication system was very backward and one had to walk on his own foot through the mountainous poony tracks in the areas. Not only himself but his cousin Mr. Khursheed Alam, presently a very famous Architect in GB and Mr. Nazeer Khan (late) father of Justice Saahib, who usually accompanied him to the school also, had to walk on foot. He travelled to Gilgit for education of Secondary School Certificate. After doing the matriculation in the year 1969, he had to travel down country for higher education. Mr. Justice Muhammad Alam did his intermediate and graduation from KPK, the then NWFP, Peshawar. After doing graduation he obtained a degree in LL.B. from the Punjab University Lahore and started his practice as a lawyer in the then GB Courts in April 1980. He worked as an Advocate in the then apex Court GB i.e. the Court of Judicial Commissioner till first January, 1988. During the tenure of his practice as an Advocate he worked as Public Prosecutor and District Attorney for a period of aggregating more than 6 months and less than a year. During the practice as an Advocate he worked as General Secretary of District Bar Association Diamer once or twice. While practicing as Advocate he contested election for Councilor of District Diamer, but could not succeed.
In the year 1987-88 FPSC Islamabad held written test and interview for the post of Civil Judges in the light of the then first time introduced rules for recruitment to the post of Civil Judges, by Mr. Justice Sardar Raza the then Judicial Commissioner. Mr. Justice Muhammad Alam topped the said test and interview and joined the services in the District Judiciary GB as Civil Judge. Previously Civil Judges in GB were recruited by the FPSC through a simple interview.
From 1st January, 1988 to 22nd March, 2013, Mr. Justice Muhammad Alam worked as Civil Judge. Besides his duties as Civil Judge, he worked as Rent Collector, Judge Family Court and then as Judicial Magistrate since 1996 or 1997. It is very important and painful also to note that promotion of Mr. Justice Muhammad Alam to the post of Additional District and Sessions Judge was delayed for more than four (4) years after same was due, although all his Performance Evaluation Reports (PERs) showed good or very good remarks and more than one posts were lying vacant. After all, promoted as Additional District and Sessions Judge and then District and Sessions Judge (BPS-21). During the tenure as District and Sessions Judge he worked as Election Tribunal, Judge Anti-Corruption, Judge Anti-Narcotics, Judge Ehtasab Court and also for some time as Judge Anti-Terrorism, in addition to his own duties. Yet another very painful aspect of his service life is delay of more than four (4) long years in his elevation to the present post. The then Government of Gilgit-Baltistan launched the Empowerment Order 2009 and constituted a committee comprised of about 25 or 26 bureaucrats of Pakistan, who prepared a policy of launching the Empowerment Order. The so constituted committee prepared a policy and gave name of Transition Policy, wherein very specifically wrote that senior most two (2) Sessions Judges will be elevated to Chief Court.
He was elevated in Gilgit-Baltistan Chief Court being most senior, eligible and competent District and Sessions Judge and took oath on 22nd March, 2013 as Judge of Gilgit-Baltistan Chief Court, Gilgit.
Mr. Justice (R )Yar Muhammad s/o Dost Muhammad born on 03-08-1954, hails from Nasirabad, a remote village of District Astore. He got his primary education from Primary School Rattu and for Matriculation he got admission in High School Astore. Mr. Justice(R) Yar Muhammad completed his intermediate and graduation from Sindh Muslim College Karachi. To pursue his legal education, he joined Urdu Law College Karachi. In addition to his legal education, he also did his Masters in Journalism from University of Karachi. After completing Masters in Journalism, he wrote many articles on various issues which were accordingly published in different newspapers of national level.
After becoming Law Graduate, Mr. Justice (R) Yar Muhammad completed his apprenticeship with Hassan Jafer Advocate in Karachi and thereby he returned back to his Gilgit and was enrolled as an advocate High Court Bar Association Gilgit and continued his legal practice till 1987. In the meanwhile, on 03-01-1988, he wasappointed as Civil Judge after going through competitive examination which was conducted by Federal Public Service Commission, Islamabad. From03-01-1988 to 16-02-2002, he served as Civil Judge cum Judicial Magistrate in different areas of Gilgit Baltistan.
On 16-02-2002, he was given the current charge of the post of District and Sessions Judge and was posted to District Ghanche. On 20-01-2007, Mr. Justice(R) Yar Muhammad was promoted as District and Sessions Judge. He served as District and Sessions Judge in District Ghanche, Skardu and Diamer. Mr.Justice (R) Yar Muhammad also served as Registrar Gilgit Baltistan Chief Court.
It is worth mentioning here that during his service as a Judge of District Judiciary Gilgit Baltistan, Mr. Justice (R) Yar Muhammad was also nominated as Departmental Representative in Federal Public Service Commission Islamabad for conducting interview of Civil Judges. Mr. Justice (R) Yar Muhammad also participated in four months Shariah and Law Course in 2008 which was conducted by International Islamic University, Islamabad and as a part of the course, he visited Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Egypt.
On 13-06-2014, he was elevated as Judge Gilgit Baltistan Chief Court and took oath of the office on 19-06-2014. After serving for more than two years as Judge in Gilgit BaltistanChief Court, Mr. Justice(R) Yar Muhammad retired from his service on 02-08-2016 after attaining the age of superannuation (62).
As a Judge of Gilgit Baltistan Chief Court, Mr. Justice(R) Yar Muhammad delivered many judgments involving important proposition of law which were reported in different law journals.
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